Air-conditioning, Unit type

Types of Residential Air Conditioning

There are several types of residential air conditioning systems designed to provide cooling and comfort to homes. Here are the most common types:

  • Window Air Conditioners: These units are self-contained and installed directly into a window or a hole in the wall. They are suitable for cooling single rooms or small spaces and are a cost-effective option. They consist of a single box with the condenser and evaporator components enclosed.
  • Split Air Conditioners: Split ACs consist of two main parts: an outdoor unit and one or more indoor units. The outdoor unit houses the condenser, while the indoor units contain the evaporator. They offer quiet operation, energy efficiency, and the ability to cool multiple rooms. There are various configurations, such as single-split, multi-split, and multi-zone systems.
  • Central Air Conditioning: Central AC systems are designed to cool the entire house. They consist of a large outdoor unit, an indoor evaporator coil connected to a furnace or air handler, and a network of ducts that distribute cooled air throughout the home. They provide consistent cooling and are commonly used in larger houses.
  • Ductless Mini-Split Air Conditioners: Similar to split ACs, but without the need for ductwork. Mini-split systems have an outdoor unit and one or more indoor units mounted on walls or ceilings. They are ideal for individual rooms or areas where duct installation is not possible.
  • Packaged Air Conditioners: These systems are suitable for homes with limited indoor space. All components, including the condenser, evaporator, and compressor, are housed in a single outdoor unit. They can be installed on the ground or on the roof.
  • Hybrid Air Conditioners: These systems combine an air conditioner with a heat pump. They can provide both cooling during the summer and heating during the winter, making them energy-efficient and versatile.
  • Geothermal Heat Pumps: While more commonly used for heating, geothermal heat pumps can also provide cooling. They transfer heat between the home and the ground, offering high efficiency and lower operating costs over the long term.